What do you do when you need to provide a password in a batch file or to a legacy command line application but don’t want to store the password in plain text inside of the file? As usual, it’s Powershell to the rescue.
The basic steps are:
- Create a text file that contains the encrypted version of your password
- Read that password into a variable
- Convert that password into a Credential Powershell object
- Call a method of the credentials object to pull out the plain text password
The code looks like this:
#Run one time to create the encrypted password file then remove this line Read-Host -AsSecureString | ConvertFrom-SecureString | Out-File c:\temp\cred.txt # Read in the password file you created and convert it to a securestring $password = get-content C:\temp\cred.txt | convertto-securestring # Create a Powershell Credential object that includes this password. # Note that a username is also required but my command doesn't take a username so I just filled it something. It also can't be blank $creds = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential -argumentlist "MustHaveSomething", $password # Run the legacy command and call the GetNetworkCredential method with the password property # The application will get the password but the end user will never see it. You'd have to have administrator access to the machine and a debugger to get the password &reflectverify.exe d:\Backup\* -p $creds.GetNetworkCredential().Password
So ultimately if someone has a copy of cred.txt, they can still use it to access the resource but at least this way they don’t know what the actual password was.
I’ve spent a little more time with this concept and wanted to share my findings. The convertto-securestring cmdlet leverages the “DPAPI” or Data Protection API for Windows. This API creates a local key that is tied to the SID of the logged in user account as well as a master key file stored inside the users profile. What this means is that even if someone else gets a copy of your encrypted text file, they will NOT be able to use it. I confirmed this by loading up a new Windows 8.1 VM and trying to read the encrypted password I created on my source machine. It fails with the error “Key not valid for use in specified state.”
I then investigated a bunch of methods for backing up and restoring the key. I exported all of the keys in my certificate store on my source machine to the destination. I copied the master keys from the source at:
I used the password recovery disk and export credentials functions built in to Windows. Unfortunately (or fortunately depending on how you look at it), none of the options allowed me to run the script on the new machine.
The closest I found was this Microsoft article from 2009 that talks about exporting the DPAPI keys and making registry changes and running a command called dpaimig.exe.
None of this worked for me either.
Therefore the moral of the story appears to be this:
If you use the convertto-securestring functionality in a batch script or scheduled task, you need to be aware that validating those credentials is dependent on the user running the command being the same one that generated the key. So you’ll need to generate the initial key with your service account for example. Likewise, if you ever have a computer crash or need to migrate the computer, you’ll need to regenerate the password key file. Therefore it will be necessary to store the password somewhere else (Keepass for example) for documentation and disaster recovery purposes.
At the end of the day, it’s still an improvement over storing the password in plain text in the file!
Some people then again pay a lot money at one time to lift the chance of winning.
The system where betting money is through your bank is secure to
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Simple system described in steps. Many are simple people just struggling to get by.
This information gives all the info it’s essential get into the sport.
But the factor is that to increase your chances of successful, you want to position a wager day by day.
Instead, you’ll be able to get all the information you need from that same
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If you’re a type of individuals who doesnt like cats, Im sorry to hear that.
For the above example, it will seem like -7.5 (-110). Different
players can legally purchase Mega Thousands and thousands
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For instance, MEGA Hundreds of thousands is a multi-state lottery and it operates in eleven states.
As an example, you wouldn’t need to pick just any
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When you click on on the sport of your selecting you should definitely bookmark the web page so
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In this method, you could choose a low number from the given set such as 1-50 like 1.
Some profitable numbers have two consecutive numerals, although not all the time.
After which with the time you saved do something extra
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S128 Indonesian Cockfighting Site
Wagering games that are very attached with the hearts of Indonesian individuals are known as s128 cockfight
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Unfortunately, although this activity is usually a
cultural heritage regarding thousands of years, the Indonesian government does not discriminate in enforcing the law until finally it is
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Presently there are indeed many gambling online sites that provide similar gives on the internet, nevertheless unfortunately only a
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Listed here are interesting features that you ought to know:
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Various competitions are available
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Attractive Bonuses and Special offers
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How to be able to Play Chicken Gambling on S128
All you want to do first just before starting the game is to register yourself as a member on the Betberry
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Exploring every online gambling game on the internet has become one of the undertakings most enjoyed by users of gambling facilities nowadays.
How not, every the games that used to be abandoned enjoyed abroad by people
from the upper classes, now you can enjoy without having
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This is all thanks to internet technology that can border online gambling fans behind the
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Since its presence in the domestic online gambling industry, Depoxito has
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Games such as soccer betting, casino, shooting fish, poker,
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a result on.
For those of you who want to attempt out how carefree it is to ham it up online gambling upon the certified gambling agent website Depoxito, hastily register
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Depobola is one of Indonesia’s most significant
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Depobola is also one of the Trusted Gambling Agents, inside addition we here offer
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To become Indonesia’s greatest soccer dealer, is an online gambling site that already
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the very best services.
The Advantages of Depobola With Other Sites
The established online gambling game that we provide
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plus Depobola here provides IDENTIFICATION with the best market, besides Sportbook here we also provide Livecasino, Slots, Joker123 Seafood Shoot,
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Here we provide products which have guaranteed safety, the items we provide are SBOBET, MAXBET (IBCBET).
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Apart from friendly professional consumer service, here you will additionally be given a very quickly deposit and withdrawal
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Depobola also offers backup data where an individual can login Depobola with the website
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To conduct transactions, here Depobola provides complete banks such as BCA, BNI, Mandiri, BRI, CIMB, and
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Depobola Alternative Links
To make that easier for players to be able to play soccer gambling
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Considering that right now there is of positive internet in Indonesia, the particular provider always
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The very best and Most Trusted On the internet Sbobet Agent
Playing about online gambling sites has become a familiar thing with regard to fans of this online game to use their luck.
Specially in a country that forbids all varieties of gambling activities such as Indonesia,
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Indeed, finding the trusted Sbobet agent in order to
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Finally, the players, especially in Indonesia, inevitably
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Tips for Selecting a Trusted Soccer Gambling Real
There are several large names online that you can decide on as play partners.
Between Depobola. This agent is usually arguably the biggest betting promoter in Indonesia who has served its people for years.
Listed below are the particular reasons why Depobola is very popular as a reliable Sbobet Indonesia agent.
day to day Customer Support
The very first feature you must have is having CS or perhaps Customer Support that is usually always online at just about all times.
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particular site is fraudulent.
Safe & Fast Financial Dealings
Not all trusted soccer gambling agents possess a great financial transaction system.
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Several types of Online games
If in the previous gambling only struggled close
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There usually are still many other promos provided by the best Depobola agents.
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Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with the images on this blog loading?
I’m trying to determine iff its a problem on my endd or if
it’sthe blog. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated.
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